Alresford Design Statement

Section 5 Developments Outside the Conservation Area

5.1 - Summary of Character Descriptions (Map 5.1)

Introduction

In this section there are three main sectors, Jacklyns Lane, West of Jacklyns Lane and East of Jacklyns Lane, within which there are a variety of character areas. Before the first World War the majority of the area was agricultural. Immediately after the war acre plots were sold to those returning from the war and townsfolk wanting to move to a healthier environment.

Map of the Non Conservation Area
The first, Jacklyns Lane, is the main route to Cheriton and was developed in Edwardian times as an airy environment for people to live in. The Stratton Bates recreation ground to the west was given to the town and the area envisioned as a garden suburb.

In the area to the west, the Grange Road and Jacklyns Lane neighbourhood gives the town the green leafy roads and walkways that are the key characteristics of the area, and are emulated throughout newer developments around Alresford. The character of the area is defined by wide, long plots, some over an acre in size, containing some imposing detached period houses as well as semi-detached and single storey properties. The houses are set back from the road by various distances with ample space for off street parking and have gardens large enough to provide sunny lawns and flower beds, natural bluebell glades and a wide variety of trees and shrubs giving a friendly habitat for flora and fauna - resulting in interesting scenery, and views of the downs to the north beyond, which passers by enjoy. Within this setting there are also some developments, originally built as social housing, and two small 1960's developments, both of which retain the sense of space and tree cover that characterises the area.

Those present at the workshops highly valued these views and felt the period houses, hedged frontages, and planted trees and shrubs enhanced the view and provided a windbreak and attractive backdrop that softens the profile of the buildings and hides school buildings behind the houses. The most appreciated feature of the area looking across from Rosebery Road and the Stratton Bates Recreation Ground is that building height does not obscure the view of the downs. The least appreciated was parked cars and the danger they cause.

To the east are newer developments. They are open plan with predominantly grass verged footpaths, and small areas where more important original tree cover has been retained. They mirror the garden suburb approach, with planted trees, grass verges and green communal areas, one of which, Benenden Green and Sunhill Recreation Ground afford walkers beautiful views of the town and surrounding down lands. There is also a network of footpaths traversing the developments from which there are extensive views.

The developments tend to mirror the decades they were built in, for example, 1960's square design of Nursery Road with wide open plan frontages and silver birches, and the 1960's oblique roof design properties in Sunhill and just off Tichborne Down. The late 20th century mock Edwardian properties off Nursery Road and 1980's cottage style properties off Tichborne Down and at Langton Court - the latter style of which was the most popular with people attending the seminars. The bulk of the properties in this area is very mixed, as is shown on the VDS layers map 5.3.

The original character descriptions and the factors people valued most are held at the NATC Office. These are incorporated in the character descriptions in Section 5.4, and a summary of the questionnaire responses can be found in Appendix B

5.1.1 The Open Plan Character of the Developments

All the private developments described are open plan and this gives clear views round corners to drivers and a feel of spaciousness. Builders re-enforced this by issuing restrictive covenants and these have been maintained by custom and practice.

5.1.2 Roads

Roads are adopted and have tarmac footpaths and curbs, many have grass verges and trees planted providing a leafy setting for walkers and wildlife alike.

The Grange Road to Nursery Road area, Bridge Road and The Avenue are tree lined.

In New Farm Road and South Road there are no trees in the road only in private gardens.

The school side of the Avenue is the responsibility of the County Council and is unkempt and needs to be kept in better order.

5.1.3 Open Spaces (Map 5.2)

There are well-used open space areas throughout the town as mentioned in the character descriptions.

Open Spaces MapThese are:

Footpath Windsor Road to Ashburton Road
Where hedged, there is a mixture of hawthorn, elder, sloe and other indigenous shrubs and trees.

Footpath Windsor Road to Ashburton Road

5.1.4 Footpath Network

Most developments are linked by a system of footpaths. Many of these traverse across the different developments and the Prospect Road industrial area giving a feel of integration rather than of separateness to those living there.

They provide a safe walkway from the south to the north of the town and some provide magnificent views of the surrounding area. However some are becoming overgrown and the system could be developed to provide even better access. Beech Road - A footpath goes from here to Chiltern Court, which provides accommodation for the elderly and then to Benenden Green. This has its' own small grassed area leading to the footpath links where residents walk their dogs and play with their children. To the east is a footpath link eventually leading to Sunhill and to the south west the footpaths are a link from Whitton Hill to Russet Close and from Hasted Drive and Linnets Road to Fairview.

5.1.5 Bulk of Buildings

Single storey buildings pre-dominate large parts of the area (Character Areas J, K, M1, M3, O1, O2, P1, P2, T1) (Map 5.3, shaded mauve).

Map of VDS Layers
Properties in other areas are predominantly two storey and some of the properties in Ellingham Close are three storey. (Map 5.3- all those areas not shaded mauve).

Ground levels of properties are at a natural level and the footprints are square or oblong. The pattern of the majority of the older buildings is 1920's-1930's, Edwardian and art deco, with cottage style predominating for the newer properties.

5.1.6 Infrastructure

Although not a design issue brief mention has to be made of pressure upon the town's infrastructure new development will have. This has been a major concern to residents during the consultation process.

The town is served by:

5.2 Building Guidelines & Design Recommendations

In this section the Design Statement is looking at recommendations. These relate to DP3 in the Winchester District Local Plan. Where applicable Listed Building Policies also apply. Where suitable there is a brief summary of the problem the recommendation is addressing. The detailed Character Descriptions for developments can be found in Section 5.4.

General and New Developments:-

NC.1 Plots

These recommendations relate to Character Descriptions for the non Conservation Area. (this section after the guidance notes). The character of some areas depend upon properties being set back or set at an angle; the character of some of the existing properties is significant because of their relationship with the twentieth century history of the town, and that the space between properties give glimpses of wildlife and distant views for passers by.

Guidance: (WDPL R Ref: DP1- DP6, HE4 - HE8, HE13 - 16, H3, H5, H8, SF1 - 7 apply)

NC.2 Building Materials Walls and Extensions

Guidance:(WDPL R Ref: DP3, DP4, HE5 - HE9 apply)

NC.3 Building Materials Roofs

Developments tend to have different roof tiles per development and most extension roofs were found to match host properties.

Guidance:(WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5 - HE8 apply)

NC. 4 Building Materials Dormer Windows.

Guidance note C.4. (WDPL R Ref: DP3 applies)

NC. 5 Building Materials Windows

Some houses still have wooden painted or stained windows whilst the majority now have UPVC Windows, some in mock wood and some white.

Guidance: (WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5, HE8 - HE12 apply)

At the front of a building the type of glass and frame should not be changed if it will result in the property looking out of place with the host or neighbouring properties. (Guidance note C5 may apply to older buildings).

NC. 6 Building Materials Doors

Doors are generally in keeping with the host and neighbouring properties.

Guidance: (WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5 - HE8, HE9 apply)

NC. 7 Building-Materials Porches and Porticos

There is a variety of porches built for differing purposes most of which match the host property.

Guidance note C7. (WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5 - HE8, HE9 apply)

NC.8 Building Materials Extensions

Owners of smaller homes sometimes find they need to increase the size of their home in order to accommodate their family.

Guidance notes above relating to building materials, windows, doors, porches and space apply. (NC2-7 and C2-7 with older properties WDLPR References as above).

NC. 9 Building Materials Garages and Parking and Positioning

Most properties have garages. These are built in the same materials as the host property. Some garage blocks require re-building

.

New Alresford is badly served by public transport for commuters and families with both partners commuting therefore require a minimum of two cars and for safety, security and aesthetic reasons off road parking for two cars. (See survey responses in Appendix B).

The lack of parking provision leads to ruined views, congestion and their related social problems) and the inability for vehicles to turn is dangerous and damages property. Currently one development, and the Windsor/Meryon Road and Grange Road/Bridge Road areas have inadequate off street parking.

Guidance:(WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5 - HE8 apply)

NC.10 Building Materials Wooden Sheds

Guidance: (WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5, HE6 apply)

NC.11 Building Materials Green Energy

Future developments and where possible extensions to houses need to address energy saving and water conservation.

Please see recommendations in C11,. (WDPL R Ref: DP6 applies)

NC.12 Building Materials Fencing and Hedges

The majority of building sites in New Alresford are open plan design; this is important in terms of road safety and light and is covered by restrictive covenants on properties, custom and practise.

Guidance: (WDPL R Ref: DP3, HE5, HE8 apply)

5.3 Other General Guidance

Cogswell HouseGN.1 Affordable Homes

Alresford has some recent small developments with a proportion of small properties as social housing provision, and other social housing has been allowed as an exception to policy. These houses have very small plots. Some residents are also finding the houses too small for their needs.

Guidance: (WDLPR Ref: H5 applies)

GN.2 Disabled Access.

Guidance:(WDLPR Ref: DP3 applies)

GN.3 Footpaths

There is a good system of footpaths linking the outlying areas, but not all areas are yet linked.

Guidance Note Section 3. L2 and Section 4 G3. WDLPR Ref: DP1, T8 apply)

Map of Character Area east of Jacklyns Lane5.4 Character Areas

5.4.1 Character Area I - Jacklyns Lane

Summary:

Edwardian houses and bungalows set at a variety of distances from the road with their tree cover define the character of Jacklyns Lane, Grange Road and Rosebery Road. Some have been renovated retaining the original Edwardian form and features, which when combined with the display of aged limes; helps maintain the area's characteristic garden suburb appearance.

On the eastern side of Jacklyns Lane there are mainly single storey properties set at an angle to the road. Indigenous trees and shrubs have been replanted or retained, providing a home for wildlife and maintaining the character of the area. The older houses often have a rough finish coating over the brickwork with dark slate tiled roofs. There is no uniformity of roof design.

Replacement properties blend with the older properties and can be found on the south west side of Jacklyns Lane. They are set back from the road in a similar way to the original property mostly laid to grass with flower beds at the front maintaining the bright open nature of the area and ensuring views are not lost for walkers. Two matching family homes built on a single plot and similarly designed to the neighbouring small bungalow (Area OI). By the entrance to Robertson Road there is a small grassed area planted with trees, from which there are extensive views of the down land to the south and the golf course.

5.4.2 Character Areas J - N - East of Jacklyns Lane (Map 5.4)

Summary:

To the east of Jacklyns Lane are developments with predominantly single storey buildings set parallel to the highway. Most are characterised by 1960's design and are predominantly detached and well spaced giving an air of openness. Properties normally have attached or integral garages and private driveways with parking for one or two cars. Both the Oak Hill and Sunhill area properties have larger plots with views over the old town or the downs and the 'Castles Estate', with three and four bedroom bungalows interspersed with detached houses, many with large gardens and extensive views over the golf club and the hills to the south.

The majority of developments are set into the hillside, giving a link-detached, more individual appearance and feel to terraced properties. The majority of gardens are not overlooked and have superb views of the surrounding countryside. The indigenous planted and retained trees now provide an airy setting and wildlife habitat, and soften the profile of the houses.

A sense of continuity is given because original buildings remain intermingled with the 20th century expansion of New Alresford south of the railway. Tichborne Down is characterised by the older properties interspersed with the newer estates that lead off from it. There is an Edwardian house set back from the road, Bell House (an old Victorian hospital), several older houses, and a white rendered listed house. Langtons Court, a late nineteenth century property with extensive grounds is at the other end of Sun Lane.

Character Area J: 1960's and 70's Style developments.

Nursery RoadSummary:

The character of the developments are 1960's single and two storey properties on a hillside setting overlooking the town or countryside, with open plan frontages, giving clear views of the roadway for safety, and a feeling of spaciousness.

With exception to Nursery Road, most roof apexes facing the road. The bungalows and houses have garages and off-road parking for one or two cars, small grass frontages and rear gardens often planted with flowers. There are small communal areas of grassland enhancing the spatial aspects of the developments.

The developments have grass verged footpaths planted with trees from which walkers enjoy views of the town. There is a system of well-kept tarmac footpaths linking these developments with Jacklyns Lane and Grange Road.

Area J1: The Nursery Road area has terraced, semi-detached and detached properties with low-pitched roofs parallel to the road, and is characterised by the wide road and long grassed frontages and private driveways. A special feature of this road is the space between the properties and the view eastwards with the open deep frontages to the houses and the tree cover and as one goes along the small communal grassed areas giving a feel of space. Arle Close and Arle Gardens (Area U) and Appledown Close have similarly designed houses and maisonettes (Area L2).

Area J2: In the Whitton Hill, Hasted Drive, Downgate and Linnetts Road Area the detached, semi-detached, terraced and maisonette properties have small frontages, garage and a driveway for off road parking in a hillside setting. Some properties in Downgate have wood facia detail. Some properties have substantial rear fences and walls giving much appreciated security, and some of the terraced properties have garaging in a garage block and visitor parking bays.

Character Area K: The 'Sunhill' and 'Castles' developments

Summary:

The character of this area is defined by the oblique roof pattern of the properties, the way they are spaced and set on the south sloping hillside and the extensive views of the golf course and Tichborne Down residents enjoy from their gardens as do passers by when walking. The backdrop of planted trees softens the harshness of 1960's design and shrubs and the grass verged pavement.

The properties are 1960's modern design, built in buff brick with toning roof tiles, and contain three and four bedroom-detached houses and bungalows with a variety of 'Sunley' design roof designs. Bungalows in the Castles estate normally have roof apexes parallel to the road, wood facia detail above the porches and plain glass replacement UPVC windows. Many plots have quite deep frontages, a garage and driveway for off road parking.

Bell House, Tichborne DownCharacter Area QL - Flats and Maisonettes:

Area QL1: In Tichborne Down Bell House is a sympathetically converted Victorian hospital surrounded by new terraced properties that have been designed to blend - all with parking provision.

Area QL2: At the South of Sun Lane, Appledown Close contains 1960's terrace and maisonette properties, most with allocated parking or garages and a grass open space with mature trees that residents use for recreational purposes.

Character Area M: Predominantly Cottage Style Houses:

Summary:

These areas are characterised by the way the mainly two storey properties use brickwork and roof detail, and the way original mature trees extend the green leafy established feel to new build. The gardens on all three estates are often generous and planted with shrubs and flowers. All the developments have open plan frontages. In the Tichborne Down area there are four cottage style developments:

Area M1: The Fairview development, of three bedroom cottage style bungalows and houses built in heather brick with some painted brickwork, steeply pitched roofs and co-ordinating clay tile. The Shepherds Down development is built in good quality heather brick, with flush pointing. Both developments have good quality coloured clay tiled roofs at a 40-degree pitch, a porch and double garage (the majority with brown chevron garage doors). The windows are stained or painted wood.

Area M2: Orchard Close is built on gently rising ground and features similar houses with a double or single garage and private driveways. Some are rendered above the band course, and a variety of coloured tiles are used for the roofs and the matching tile hung porch. Half way up the incline is a large grassed area with shrubs where residents play with their dogs and children. On its western side there is a line of mature trees. Most have close-board fenced or brick rear walls giving much appreciated security, and gardens with have uninterrupted views of the golf course and woodland to the south.

Area M3: Benenden Green is an estate of mixed mainly Hampshire cottage style houses and bungalows, all with front gardens. The properties are built around and from the green and are stepped to make the most of the hillside setting. There is provision for parking for all properties.

A feature of the development is the Green with its far-reaching beautiful views over the town, which are highly valued as an area to walk across and enjoy.

Area M4: In Sun Lane, Langtons Court is an attractive development of stepped courtyard townhouses. The houses extended clay tile roofs to create a porch. They are red brick and have a dark grey diaper. There is a decorative brick windowsill course and a staggered roofline. The roofs have dormer windows. There are private parking spaces and small well-planted frontages.

Similarly designed properties can be found at the top of Beech Road (Area M5) and the Carpenters (Area PM6), where an interesting use of positioning and the use of steeply pitched roofs extending over the garages. have been used to give different heights and aspects to the properties.

Character Area N - Homes for the Elderly

Summary:

These developments, one in this section and one in Section 5.4 (Area P), have been built at various times during the twentieth century are modern in design and are characterised by the use of the green areas around the properties to provide a green and grassy setting for residents to enjoy.

Area SN1: Chiltern Court at the top of Searles Close is built in late 20th century design and is approached by two affordable housing schemes. It has a footpath link to Oak Hill and a small grass frontage with seats outside.

Character Areas O - R - West of Jacklyns Lane (Map 5.5)

Summary:

Character Area West of Jacklyns LaneThe area immediately to the west of Jacklyns Lane in Grange, Rosebery and South Roads then going northwards to Drove Lane and westwards along the A31 is characterised by bungalows and houses with sizeable plots filled with lawns, flower beds, shrubs and trees giving glimpses of distant views of the downs to the north and wildlife habitat. The roads are tree lined and the whole area has the feel of a green leafy area, giving tree and shrub filled views of the leafy space beyond and is enjoyed by both residents and walkers. Behind these gardens are the school playing fields from which pupils can see the vegetation and wildlife.

Character Area O - Grange Rd, Salisbury Rd, Rosebery Rd and West New Farm Rd

Summary:

This area was built up after the First World War when acre plots of land were sold to war veterans and is therefore of historical significance to the towns development. It is characterised by tree-lined roads with houses set some 10 to 20 metres back from the property fence. Intermingled with the arts and crafts and Edwardian design properties on the larger plots are a variety of properties, some mid-war in design and appearance, and some re-built on the original property footprint. All have private parking and easy access from the rear of the property for refuse collection.

The land slopes downwards from south to north in Rosebery and Salisbury Roads towards Grange Road. This slope diminishes and the ground becomes level before and across the school playing fields and the whole area is publicly visible.

The existing housing density here is two per hectare and building two storey properties here of the densities encouraged in PPG3, without as a minimum, using established properties and trees as a screen might not only destroy a popular view, but could have radical effect on the character of the area.

Features about the Grange Road - Salisbury Road area highlighted by local residents in the workshops and in the questionnaires included the tree lined street scene, the imposing Edwardian houses with sizable attractive gardens, the glimpses of colourful gardens over hedges, the wildlife and views to the north seen over and between the houses - the skyline of which is defined by trees not houses.

Threats identified to the area were traffic, parking and unsympathetic development of land.

Area O1: In the centre of the west Jacklyns Lane area, is the Stratton Bates Recreation Ground with a new children's play area and a well used football pitch.

To the east of the recreation ground there are some imposing Edwardian detached houses and semi-detached houses; to the west, on the northern side of South Road mid-war colonial bungalows in well-stocked sizeable plots on fairly level ground. Many sympathetically restored and set in long large gardens planted with the trees and shrubs filled with wildlife, that provide a necessary barrier between the properties and the school playing fields.

Old ChapelArea O2: New Farm Road character is defined by its tree-lined footpaths and verges on its eastern side and the early and mid twentieth century properties in a variety of styles on very wide sizeable plots with beautiful views of the Itchen Valley. The chestnut trees in the gardens on its western side shield many of the houses from the road and are also a feature of the road.

Area O3: New Farm Road joins Winchester Road at its northern end. Winchester Road is the west gateway to both this area and Alresford as a whole with its variety of properties, ranging from a two-storey flint farmhouse to mainly two storey Victorian properties on the north side of the road. (Map 5.6)

Area 04:On the southern side of Winchester Road there are single storey mid-war to modern in design and appearance fronted by a slip-road, and an old chapel.

Character Area P - Properties with a Cottage Style Theme.

Summary:

The character of the late 20th century cottage style properties is defined by the way the design uses the hillside setting and the grass and tree cover provided to soften the outline of the buildings (Area P1).

RoundaboutThe character of the area between New Farm Road, Jacklyns Lane and Stratton Bates Recreation Ground is of semi-detached and terraced properties originally built as social housing in mid-war higher density 'Welwyn Garden City' style (Areas P1 - P4). Very few of the properties have proper off road parking and this destroys the view for passers by and creates congestion and blind spots for drivers, children and walkers.

A feature of the area is the large grassed roundabout and verged footpaths.

Area P1 At the eastern end of Grange Road area there are some properties with a higher density than is the norm in Grange Road area that have a similar design and use of hillside setting as at Langtons Court and the top of Beech Road. These are the Carpenters development, and the Grange Road frontage to Ellingham Court (both Area PM6), and the re-developed plot at the end of Rosebery Road (Area PI).

Area P2: In the north west of Ashburton Road and at the eastern end of Grange Road are some refurbished cottage style single and two storey properties. These are higher density than the centre of Grange Road and a similar density to the Victorian cottages and Nicholson Place in Bridge Road, and have open plan style frontages and space for off road parking. Unfortunately, the tenants and owners tend to park in the road.

Area P3: The character of this area is defined by the substantially built properties with red clay bricks and clay tiled roofs with very large rear gardens and have deep frontages planted with shrubs and grass. The first group of houses was built in the 1940's. There was further development in the 1950's in, amongst which bungalows were built, and then again in the 1970's. A few have garages.

Area P4: Nicholson Place in Bridge Road is a horseshoe of uniform houses and bungalows, with a plot of grass for recreational use in the centre and a parking area. Ash Walk is a similar development of terraced houses in yellow brick.

Area P5: Meryon Road is a 1950's development of bungalows for the over 55's which are renowned for their large colourful gardens. These gardens and the single storey properties define the character of this small area.

Character Area Q - Mid - Late 20th Century Build

Summary:

These areas are characterised by 1960's square designed properties as described below:

Watercress MeadowsArea Q1: Behind the planted open space area in Jacklyns Lane and Robertson Road is an area where the character is defined as purpose built retirement bungalows with small gardens surrounded by a large grassed communal area. This leads to Area RL3 (flats and maisonettes) and SN2 (Makins Court).

Area Q2: The character of De Lucy Avenue and the majority of the western side of New Farm Road through to Covey Way) is defined by 1960's square design houses and bungalows. A few original cottages are interspersed between the open plan developments in New Farm Road and South Road. This area is fairly level and the tree lined roads and grass open spaces have been planted with silver birch and shrubs giving a clean open feel.

Area Q3: Watercress Meadows is an exception site development built at the turn of the Millennium. The properties have a small frontage and garden and has communal grassed areas.

Character Area RL - Flats & Maisonettes

Character Area S - Sheltered Housing and Homes for the Elderly

Area SN2: The character of this area is defined by turn of the millennium design, with access to a large grass area. Makins Court, a modern sheltered housing project, in Windsor Road. Attractively designed properties with balconies, and flat-lets and communal parking, but poorly sited as there are currently no shops nearby and it is a half hour hilly walk into the town.

Area SN3: The character of this development to the outsider is of the cottage style frontal aspect into Grange Road. A private development, Ellingham Court is to the East of Jacklyns Lane and close to the town. Purpose designed for the elderly there is a communal grass area, and community room. The apartments facing northwards are square in design and have three floors. Upper floor flats have views of the surrounding area.

Character Areas T - Early Twentieth Century and earlier Build

Summary:

In New Farm Road, there are two detached Victorian cottages on the eastern side, and Victorian chapel on the western side at the junction with Winchester Road.

Winchester Road contains Farm Cottage, a knapped flint cottage, and some semi-detached Victorian cottages, all with extensive grounds beyond which are views of the Itchen Valley.

There are several terraces of nineteenth/early twentieth century cottages, one in Bridge Road, one in Pound Hill and four in the Dean.

To the north, the well maintained knap flint boundary wall of Arlebury Park, in front of which there is the old Toll House and the roadside is planted with one hundred year old limes. Behind the wall are two gatehouses and a converted farm and Arlebury Park Barns.

At the end of the flint wall is Pound Hill.

Character Area U - North of the Conservation Area

The character of this area is defined by the view from the entry point at the crossroads of the Dean, Jacklyns Lane and West Street and the view from here to the river Alre. This view is destroyed part way down on the western side of the road by industrial plant.

The Cottages by the River in The DeanArea U1: To the north of the conservation area off The Dean is Mallards Close, a small attractive close of bungalows with under-croft parking, and Orchard Dean, a new development of retirement of cottage style bungalows with parking and visitor parking bays.

Area U2: Arle Gardens and Arle Close are similar in character to Nursery Road, although with a mix of detached, semi-detached and terraced properties and a hillside setting. The detached properties have a garage and space for off road parking.

Area U3: In the Dean we find two sympathetically restored very different attached cottages at the northern end, one, with a bright painted finish set in grounds of over two acres. The partner property has knapped flint walls and a small garden. Arle Gardens was built behind this, and two bungalows have been built below the plot of land. Just beyond here are terraces of Victorian cottages with slate roofs and small enclosed frontages, with a riverside setting.

Next - Appendix A